Latin course for the Virtual School of Languages

Lesson 14: Always trouble with the Greeks

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Text
(The Romans get angrier:)
"Cur superbiam Graecorum sustinemus?"
"Nos Romanos barbaros vocant, 
se tantum humanos et doctos putant."
"Multi Graeci servi Romanorum sunt - servi?
Sine dubio multi servi Graeci dominis suis imperant,
et domini servis parent, inviti quidem, sed parent -
nam servi dominis eloquentia et industria sua cari sunt."
"Quis liberos Romanorum docet?	Graeci!
Cuius fabulas spectamus?  			Graecorum fabulas!
Cui ut pueri paremus?               		Graecis!
Quem doctum et humanum putamus?	Graecos!
De quo semper disputamus?			De Graecis!
Et quid nobis restat? Emigrare e patria! Iam enim Graeci
Romam occupant, iam nos fugare parant."
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Reading vocabulary you needn't learn:
restare: to remain
emigrare: emigrate


Vocabulary
disputare to discuss
dispute
occupare to occupy
occupy
parare to prepare, intend
D: parat
putare to believe, consider
com-puter
docere to teach
D: Dozent
sustinere to sustain, endure
sustain
industria, -ae
diligence, industry
industry
superbia, -ae haughtiness, arrogance, proudness
Old French: superbe
liberi, -orum children
L13: liber
barbarus, -i barbarian, foreigner; adjective: uneducated
barbarian; F: barbare
carus, -a, -um dear, expensive, valuable
I: caro, EO: kara
doctus, -a, -um educated, learned
doctor
humanus, -a, -um human, humane, humanophile, learned
human
quis? who?
quid? what?
suus  his, her
I: suo
se oneself (Accusative Singular / Plural)
I, F: se
sibi oneself (Dative Singular / Plural)
enim namely, that is to say
quidem in truth, certainly, indeed, at least
semper always
I: sempre
tantum only
Practise the vocabulary of this lesson by matchi
ng it.	

Grammar
In this lesson's text, you have seen how to ask the questions
"who", "what", "to whom", "about what" etc.
Unfortunately, the question word has to be put into the cases,
too, just like in German. Here's the scheme:
Nominative:   Quis / Quid  (who / what asking for the subject)
Genitive:        Cuius			(whose?)
Dative:           Cui				(To whom?)
Accusative:    Quem / Quod	(whom / what asking for the object)
Ablative: e. g. De quo		(About whom/what?)


Exercise
Find the right answer for each question, then translate!
(Slave Philippus talks about the Romans)
1. Quis mihi et cunctis servis imperat?   a) Virum romanum!
2. Cuius villam et agros curamus?         b) Dominis romanis!
3. Cui multis cum lacrimis paremus?      c) De domino romano!
4. Quem dominum vocamus?                d) Vir romanus!
5. De quo cuncti servi mala narrant?     e) Domini romani!
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mala (Neuter Accusative plural): bad things

Information: Romans and Greeks II
As was mentioned in the previous lesson, the Romans gained from 
the Greek influence in many different areas, including the following:
trade, banking, administration, art, literature, philosophy and nature
science. In the last century BC, it was a must for every rich young
man to study in Athens or Rhodos and perfect his knowledge of
rhetorics at the huge philosophy schools. In Rome, it was also a 
must to speak Greek as well as one's mother tongue.


Exercise answers:
1 d: Who rules over me and all slaves? The Roman man
2 e: Whose houses and fields do we take care of? The Roman master's
3 b: (To) Whom do we obey with many tears? The Roman masters
4 a: Whom do we call master? The Roman man
5 c: About whom do all slaves tell bad things? About the Roman master